Landmark cases are determined from time to time by courts and these remain a great resource for future rulings on similar issues. Law students, therefore, need to have in-depth knowledge of such cases is regions where they intend to offer representation. Supreme court of India has in this regard made a number of landmark decisions that students need to know about. A final year student disappear in mysterious circumstances leading the family to file for a case in the supreme court seeking to identify the facts of the matter. Facts of the case indicated that the student was arrested, detained and killed by the police. The officers were found to be guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. After an appeal, the punishment was quashed by the supreme court.
In another case, three guards assigned to protect the then prime minister conspired to kill her. Two of the suspects were arrested while the third was killed at the time. The arrested guards were found guilty of murder with the punishment being death. They made an appeal to the supreme court but the judgment was upheld.
A landmark case filed in the supreme courts also involved a family dispute. The case famously known as “Shah Bano Case” involved a famous lawyer who disowned his wife and children. The wide sought for maintenance and was awarded Rs. 25 by the lower courts on monthly basis. An appeal on the matter in the supreme court indicated that religion was wrongly cited and increased the allowance awarded to the wife.
Another great ruling to hit the floor of the supreme court was the famous Bhopal Tragedy court. According to the case filed, the company was producing dangerous gases and in such way endangering the lives of the community and wanted the court to stop this production. While the case was in progress, n explosion occurred within the factory killing and injuring a number of persons. The supreme court on this matter determined that the company needs to cease production of the gases and further compensate the affected families accordingly.
Appointment and transfers of judges is entrenched in the constitution but lawmakers needed the court to rule the legality of the process under the sections provided in the constitution. The case was to ascertain where the powers to appoint and transfer judges lie as per the constitution. By interpreting the constitution, the supreme court ruled that the chief justice has powers to appoint and transfer judges within the powers accorded. The chief judge further has the responsibility to advise the president on appointments but this must be done in confines of the law.